Fire Sprinkler System
A fire sprinkler system is a simple, but key, the active component of a domestic or commercial building’s fire protection system.
Installed in ceilings or side walls, the system consists of a water supply, a water distribution piping system, and sprinkler heads. The sprinkler discharges water automatically when a fire is detected, though it is not triggered by smoke. It controls or extinguishes the fire, so is both fire detection and suppression system.
How do Fire Sprinkler Systems Function?
The “Sprinkler” is a heat-sensing device. Sprinkler Systems are of various types, temperature ranges, and designs. The heat sensing element (of the Sprinkler) is pointed to the floor or to the area most prone to fire. The other end of the Sprinkler is connected to a network of pipes storing water under high pressure. Usually from 7bar to 10bar.
When there is a fire, near a Sprinkler; whose temperature is higher than the temperature rated value of the heat sensing element in the Sprinkler. The bulb present inside the Sprinkler, or the heat sensing device bursts and water now flows through the Sprinkler Systems under pressure directly onto the fire affected area.
All of this is automated and happens, within 3mins, of the fire being detected. In this way, Fire Protection Sprinkler System is an automatic, Fire Detection and Extinguishing System. However, Fire Sprinkler Systems was originally meant for Fire Suppression only.
Active and Automated Protection :
Fire Sprinkler Systems are so designed to, be completely automated. This is their major advantage above all other systems. They do not require the human intervention of any kind. The basic concept is that fire will be suppressed, at an infant stage. This will stop it from spreading. This is especially more advantageous, if it is a residential project. As the Fire Protection System fights the fire, residents can be evacuated from the building. Hence, the chances of any person getting injured or killed because of fire, are very slim. Sprinkler System for Fire Fighting is a very effective method to suppress fire or the spread of fire.